Duccio di Buoninsegna (Italian, 1255-1318)
“The Madonna and Child”
Oil on panel
18 ½ x 13 inches
Duccio di Buoninsegna (Italian; c. 1255–1260 – c. 1318–1319) was an Italian painter active in Siena, Tuscany in the late 13th and early 14th centuries.
He is considered to be the father of Sienese painting and, along with a few others, the founder of Western art. He was hired throughout his life to complete many important works in government and religious buildings around Italy. Duccio is credited with creating the painting styles of Trecento and the Sienese school, and also contributed significantly to the Sienese Gothic style.
Although much is still unconfirmed about Duccio and his life, there is more documentation of him and his life than of other Italian painters of his time. It is known that he was born and died in the city of Siena, and was also mostly active in the surrounding region of Tuscany. Other details of his early life and family are as uncertain, as much else in his history. Nevertheless, his artistic talents were enough to overshadow his lack of organization as a citizen, and he became famous in his own lifetime. In the 14th century Duccio became one of the most favored and radical painters in Siena.